Croatia Becomes a Member of the Eurozone and Schengen Area
By becoming a member of the Schengen Area, Croatia frim January 1st 2023 joined 26 other EU and EEA countries that have officially abolished all types of border control at their mutual borders, such as checking passports. Since Schengen is part of the wider EU freedom, security, and justice policy area, it mainly functions as a single jurisdiction within the framework of the common visa policy for the purposes of international travel. As of 1 January 2023, all land and sea border controls with Slovenia, Hungary, and Italy have been lifted. The borders with Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro became the Schengen Area’s external borders. Croatian international airports will be given a three-month transitional period to adjust their border controls. After the end of the transitional period, which will last until 26 March 2023, Schengen flights arriving in Croatia will no longer require passport control / border control. Travellers travelling on flights within the Schengen Area, but originating from third countries, must undergo a Schengen entry border control upon their arrival in the Schengen Area because the authorities at the final destination in the Schengen Area would not be able to distinguish between arriving travellers who boarded at the point of departure and those who joined mid-journey. In addition, travellers must pass the Schengen exit border control when leaving the Schengen Area.
Intensive building of new motorways and semi motorways on main traffic directions in Croatia will result not only in reducing of distances but also, more important, in essential reducing of the traveling time.
The railway connects all major Croatian cities except Dubrovnik. Croatia has direct railway links with Slovenia, Hungary, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Slovakia, France, Germany, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Monte Negro, and indirect links with almost all other European countries.
Bus lines connect all parts of the country. Regular international bus lines connect Croatia with all neighbouring countries and with Austria, France, Italy, Germany and Slovakia.
Rijeka, Split, Zadar, Sibenik, Ploče, Pula, Dubrovnik (total of about 18,000 m of operative wharfs with the pertaining surface of about 700 ha). Croatia has the total of 156 passengers liners with the capacity of 20,800 passengers and 216 cargo carriers of 122,272 km3 capacity.
Road distance between Dubrovnik and some European towns
|Rome||420 km (link by boat)|